Happy tax season!
No, we didn’t misspell “holidays”. While most people think of early spring when they think of taxes, if you want a break on your tax bill, now is the time to be proactive. Here are some steps you should consider before we ring in the New Year.
If a substantial portion of your income is incentive based, or if you are expecting a large bonus, it might make sense to defer income into 2020, if your employer allows. This makes the most sense if you and your spouse are anticipating a less profitable year next year, or if you had unusual sources of income this year.
If you are self-employed, consider postponing your billing until the end of December, which will allow you to count much of the income next year.
Recent tax reforms have meant a substantial increase in the standard deduction. As a result it may make sense to “bunch” your deductions, itemizing as many deductions as possible this year, and then taking the standard deduction next year. Examples include charitable donations and medical expenses above a certain amount.
One useful tool for bunching deductions is a Donor-Advised Fund (DAF). It allows you to commit to charitable contributions now, setting them aside in a tax-deductible fund that can then be dispersed when you decide which charities you wish to support. If you find yourself facing a required minimum distribution (RMD), you can utilize a qualified charitable distribution (QCD), which allows you to transfer up to $100,000 per year from your IRA directly to a qualified charity.
Count Your Losses...And Harvesting Them
If you have an underperforming investment, you can sell it as a loss to offset gains dollar for dollar, plus up to $3,000 of excess loss. You can also carry over losses if you anticipate a higher tax bill next year. This can be part of a broader strategy to rebalance your portfolio. Work with your adviser to determine where and when it might make sense to take losses on certain investments.
Contributing to a Tax-Deferred Account
Now is a good time to make sure you are maximizing contributions to your 401(k), 403(b) or IRAs through your employer. At minimum, you should take full advantage of your employer match. While it is true you have until April 15 of next year to contribute to your IRA for this year, the sooner you increase your contributions, the more time it will have to grow.
Investing in Education
If you have student-age children in your household, use this time to optimize your contributions to their education. Look at state specific tax credits for 529s. Similarly, if you qualify for the American Opportunity Tax Credit (AOTC) keep an eye on income break points to maintain eligibility using the tactics mentioned above.
Before the end of the year, schedule some time with your adviser to discuss your strategy and make sure your tax season works for your wallet.
The opinions voiced in this article are for general information only and are not intended to provide specific advice or recommendations for any individual. Investing involves risk including loss of principal. No strategy assures success or protects against loss.
This article was originally published in the Pioneer Press. You may view the article here.
Bruce Helmer, a founding member of Wealth Enhancement Group, has been the host of the “Your Money” Radio Show for more than 20 years. He is also featured weekly on the Twin Cities CBS affiliate WCCO, and has penned three financial advice publications.